Dental facets or veneers are an artificial structure made of different materials, such as porcelain or composite. They are applied to the teeth surface for aesthetic or medical reasons, creating the most admirable and impeccable smile. The dental prosthesis is a restorative dental procedure that improves the shape, position, appearance and colour of the teeth. Finally, you get your perfect smile back. The procedure is not painful and is the most successful method of the last decade to create a perfect smile.
Dental facets are used to solve a variety of problems such as the closure of interdental spaces, erosion of enamel. These problems are caused by acidic foods, imperfect amelogenesis, enamel hypoplasia, or large unsightly fillings on the previous teeth.
There are 2 types of dental facets: porcelain or ceramic and composite.
The porcelain dental facets are superior to the composite facets, porcelain being a translucent material with increased durability that gives a natural look to the teeth.
The dental composite facets have the advantage that they can be made directly in the cabinet, without the need for more visits to the dentist. They also have a lower cost.
The goal of creating the dental facets is to provide the patient with restorations that fit perfectly into his physiognomy, they need to consider aesthetic needs, be in harmony with your gums, lips, and keep the teeth vitality for as long as possible.
Here are some reasons for you to choose this dental treatment:
• Changes in the colour of the teeth that couldn’t be removed by prophylaxis procedures (scaling, professional brushing, air-flow) or professional dental bleaching, such as those given by tetracycline treatment. The facets will completely cover these intense colours, and the end result will be a bright smile.
• Tooth cracks or holes, which can no longer benefit from fillings to solve the aesthetic problem.
• Teeth with positional changes, spaced or crowded, for which it is not possible to interfere orthodontically for various reasons. Sometimes patients choose the option of facets because it is faster (an orthodontic treatment lasts for 1-2 years, and faceting takes a few days).
A great advantage of the ceramic facets treatment is that before the intervention itself a simulation can be made, by which the patient can see how the smile will look after applying the final ceramic facets. It is an intermediate step that prolongs treatment but is of great importance to the patient. At this stage, it does not interfere with the natural teeth, it is completely painless and the patient can see how its teeth will finally look. The doctor takes a fingerprint of both arches that he sends to the lab along with photographs and precise instructions on the future shape of the teeth, the colour and the orientation of the teeth.
Models of the patient’s teeth are created in the laboratory and wax-ups are then modelled according to the dentist’s instructions, following the indicated form and other principles. At the next meeting, based on the wax faces, the physician performs acrylic or composite facets on the teeth of the patient with the colour and shape of the mock-up. In this way, the patient can see how his teeth will look in the end, and there may even be various adjustments and changes in colour and shape. This simulation technique is not mandatory, but it is recommended in cases where complete restoration is done through ceramic facades or in more complicated cases, is also an excellent method of prefiguring the final result.
Preparing the teeth for facets means removing a very thin layer of enamel from the surface of the teeth (this is a non-invasive, painless procedure), and then taking a fingerprint to make facets. Later, the facets are adapted and cemented onto the teeth, giving the patient a pleasant and long-lasting smile. Ceramic (porcelain) facets create a natural look of teeth due to the absence of metal, giving a translucence very close to that of natural teeth. The porcelain surface is very smooth and impenetrable so that teeth will never change their colour and glow.
Maintaining your facets clean is simple.Just like in the case of natural teeth, you must maintain a rigorous dental hygiene. You are going to do daily dental brushing, using dental floss and regular dental control. A scraping and professional brushing did in the office once every 6 months is necessary for dental health.
• Increased biological integrity due to chemical stability.
• No sensitization or irritation to the gums.
• Also, reduce the bacterial plaque that does not adhere to the teeth due to the smooth, and bright surface of the facets.
• No colour variations over time.
• Resistant and durable.
These ceramic dental facets are an innovative and effective solution for treating various dental problems. They guarantee the patient a perfect smile, lined up naturally.